The Moidart Timewarp
by Tim Roberton

1726 - 1750
In which General Wade built many roads and bridges for military purposes in Scotland, Aladair mac Mhaighstir was appointed by SSPCK to schools in Ardnamurchan, and the Young Pretender landed in Moidart. He was supported by the Moidart Macdonalds and the Clanranald Macdonalds. His forces were defeated at Culloden, and Moidart Macdonald lands were confiscated and the house burned. It became illegal to wear the kilt.


1726 Most of the Wade roads and bridges between Fort William, Inverness and Perth were completed between 1726 and 1733. TC Smout, A History of the Scottish People 1560-1830 p 244.

1727 George I died, to be succeeded by George II

1729 Alasdair mac Mhaighstir, the poet born at Dalelea where his father was Minister, was appointed by SSPCK from 1729 to a number of schools in Ardnamurchan. He privately converted to Catholicism and had for some time been comng under suspicioon for his Jacobite leanings. He left Corryvullin on Ardnamurchan in 1745 and joined the Prince. Moidart Among the Clanranalds, p138 Charles MacDonald, Ed John Watts.

1730 Captain Edward Burke, an English Officer on road survey duty for General Wade remarked with regard to Highlanders that "stealing cows, they call lifting, a softening word for theft, as if they were only collecting their dues… When a party is formed for this purpose they go out, parties of ten to thirty men, and traverse large tracts of the mountains until they arrive at a place where they intend to commit their depredations". This widespread social institution of stealing cattle from a neighbouring clan was so prevalent that it seriously reduced the profitability of ranching in the hills, thus limiting the impact that market forces could have on Highlanders until they were completely reduced to obedience to law and order. TC Smout, A History of the Scottish People 1560-1830 p 341.

1730 Eighteenth century chiefs colluded in the cattle raids partly because it was expected of them, partly because their own lands were also exposed to raid from other clans, and partly to keep the claymores shining. They felt the need for the clansmen to keep up some military practice in case of emergency. TC Smout, A History of the Scottish People 1560-1830 p 341.

1730 By now, the practice of fostering out children of chiefs amongst trusted members of the clan, started to fall into disfavour owing to Lowland and Presbyterian pressure. Instead of imbibing the pure milk of Highland tradition fed to them by their foster-parents, many were now educated in the Lowlands and came to see their own clansmen as being barbarian. TC Smout, A History of the Scottish People 1560-1830 p 344.

1731 It was decided in Rome that Catholics in the Highlands needed their own Bishop and in 1727, Alexander Grant received the summons to Rome. He never completed his journey and it was four more years before the post of Vicar-Apostolic was filled, this time by Hugh MacDonald, son of the Laird of Morar and a Clanranald….Bishop Hugh MacDonald had to wait until 1761 for his coadjutor, who was his nephew John MacDonald. Eighteenth Century Scotland, New Perspectives, TM Devine and JR Young, page 95, Essay by James F McMillan

1732 Bishop Hugh MacDonald established a Highland seminary in Loch Morar, which in 1738 transferred to Arisaig. Crippled by lack of funds, the seminary had to be abandoned altogether after Culloden. Eighteenth Century Scotland, New Perspectives, TM Devine and JR Young, page 98, Essay by James F McMillan.

1734 The dismantling of the "Old Church", which had started in the sixteenth century had gone on faster than the plantation of new ministers to fill its place. In many remote areas there was a religious vacuum which eventually was filled by priests from the Catholic Scotch College at Douai in France.TC Smout, A History of the Scottish People 1560-1830 p 75. Father Neil MacPhee, fugitive in Moidart - John Dye records

1734 According to the demographer Alexander Webster, Catholics accounted for less than 2% of the Scottish population in the mid eighteenth century. For example, it was reported in the Propaganda that in the Lowlands there were 24 missionaries (14 seculars and 10 regulars) and in the Highlands 13 missionaries (8 seculars and 5 regulars). Eighteenth Century Scotland, New Perspectives, TM Devine and JR Young, page 97, Essay by James F McMillan

1737 Duke of Argyll started to cut out tacksmen on his estate as policy. BBC Documentary on The Clearances.

1737 The Duke of Argyll introduced a policy after 1737 of running down his position as chief and attempting to become a mere landowner. Rents on the Argyll estate were to be raised, and tacks were to go to the highest bidder, regardless of clan or family. The plan proved over-optimistic economically: more serious, it weakened the loyalty of the cadet branches of the Clan Campbell….Their cadet houses were always liable to take a line of their own, and had to be consulted and humoured if the clan was to function as a unit. In 1740 cattle raiders were attacking Inverary itself, and it is difficult to see how they were able to get there without Campbell connivance…Blackmail was now re-established systematically…. and the Argylls were paying regularly to the Camerons. (See also 1743) Scotland and the Age of Improvement, edited by NT Phillipson and Rosalind Mitchison, p39

1743 Islay succeeded his brother as Third Duke of Argyll, and immediately put into reverse the new estate policy. "You are to use your best endeavours to Introduce Tennants well dispos'd to the Government and my family", was his order to his factor, even if this meant lower rents. All tenants were to take the Oath of Allegiance. Meanwhile the Duke tried to pacify the Jacobite chiefs under his superiority. The old forfeitures of 1715 had brought some of their lands to him as superior, and these were to be given back, but with the reservation of forest and mineral rights. These reservations may have related to the systematic extortion the Camerons had been practising at Strontian. (See also 1737) Scotland and the Age of Improvement, edited by NT Phillipson and Rosalind Mitchison, p39

1745  The "Young Pretender" had been born in Rome in 1720, the son of the "Old Pretender" and Princess Clementina Sobieska. He was described at the time as "above middle height and very thin". His design was to get a French fleet and Army and to make a descent upon the shores of Britain. The French Government knew of the impossibility of such an enterprise in face of the British Fleet. Nonetheless, with a few friends he set sail on a boat which he hired called variously Doutelle, but also known as Du Teillay. He landed after a voyage and raised his standard at Glenfinnan. The Highland chiefs were by no means enthusiastic for the enterprise. Marshal Wade had made some good military roads which laid the country open to the red-coats, if necessary. Nevertheless they rallied to the call of the House of Stuart. Together with Macdonnell of Glengarry, Cameron of Locheil and others he entered Perth. Later he issued a Proclamation in Edinburgh which included the words…"I with my own money hired a vessel, ill-provided with money, arms or friends; I arrived in Scotland attended by seven persons"…It is true to say that the English people did not wish personally to fight against Charles; but they certainly did not wish to fight for him. Having got to Derby unopposed, he stopped. The great march down there had shown that, heroic as his qualities were, his cause excited no enthusiasm. He had little ammunition, no money, no supplies and could not long avoid destruction from the Armies of Marshal Wade and the Duke of Cumberland which were converging upon him. They retreated Northwards. It is difficult to see why, once in the Highlands, the host was kept together. Quarrels were common amongst the chiefs, and each blamed the other for the hopeless result. In 1746 at Culloden Charles met the Duke of Cumberland and his red-coats. The heroism of the Highlanders could not prevent the destruction of their force. Inverness-shire and the Western Highlands were given over to be ravaged by the soldiery. Luckily, the wildness and inaccessibility of the country saved many of the people" A New History of Great Britain, RB Mowat, page 473.

1745 On 16 July, the two ships (Du Teillay and Elizabeth) set out from Belle-Ile for Britain. With Charles on the Du Teillay were the seven companions who were later to become known in Jacobite folklore as the "Seven Men of Moidart". They were the elderly and rather unwell William Murray, Marquis of Tullibardine, recognised by the Jacobites as the Second Duke of Atholl though he had been attainted for his part in the 1715 rising and as a result it was his brother James whom the British government recognised as succeeding the first Duke in 1724; Colonel Francis Strickland, the only Englishman in the group, a member of an old Westmorland Jacobite family; Aeneas Macdonald, the expedition's banker, who had been intending to go to Scotland on his own business affairs and was with some difficulty persuaded to accompany Charles in order to win over his brother Donald of Kinlochmoidart and his many relatives; and four Irishmen - Sir Thomas Sheridan, a veteran of the Battle of the Boyne and now over seventy; George Kelly; Sir John Macdonald, an elderly man, fond of the bottle, who had served in the French cavalry in Spain; and Colonel John William O'Sullivan, who had fought in the French army and was the only one present who would play an important part in the campaign they were setting out to conduct. Charles Edward Stuart. The life and times of Bonnie Prince Charlie by David Daiches, Page 104

1745 When Bonnie Prince Charlie came to Kinlochmoidart he was supported by all the Kinlochmoidart MacDonalds. Kinlochmoidart House, Stephen Jefferson 1995.

1745 A pibroch was composed by John MacIntyre of Ulgary, Glenmoidart, Thaing mo Righ air Tir am Muideart - My King has Landed in Moidart. Inverailort, A Short History Iain Thornber.

1745 While Charles stayed at Borrodale, most of his company stayed at Kinlochmoidart, six miles to the south……When Clanranald had gathered about a hundred of his men, Charles joined the others at Kinlochmoidart. Meanwhile Lochiel was also gathering his men, and so was Alexander Macdonald of Keppoch…… Charles Edward Stuart. The life and times of Bonnie Prince Charlie by David Daiches, Page 111

1745 On 18 August Charles with his followers left Kinlochmoidart ….. and went to Glenaladale….on the morning of the 19th they moved north-east up to the head of Loch Shiel to Glenfinnan….Sir John Macdonald wrote, "Lochiel brought about 900 men and Keppoch 500"… Charles Edward Stuart. The life and times of Bonnie Prince Charlie by David Daiches, Page 112

1745 "Though such places as Gaskan, Annat and Druminlaoigh on the Moidart side had suffered considerable depopulation there were still about a hundred MacDonald males above twenty five years of age in the district besides MacEacherns, MacIsaacs and MacVarishes, while the Jacobite clans Cameron and Macpherson were well represented on the Argyll side, the sheep run craze having not yet become so effective as to create many clearances in the Ardnamurchan and Morvern areas."… St Finan's Isle, Its Story by Alastair Cameron (North Argyll), page 18 - Jean Cameron and Bonnalie/Impey Papers, Ref 38

1746 Part of the roll of men on Clanranald's estates, with their arms at the time of Culloden. They would have fought on the left flank:

Kinlochmoidart
Ranald MacDonald-
Donald MacDonald-gun
Allan MacCallane-sword
Donald macMylan-sword
Donald MacPherson-sword
Donald Bains-wants
Angus Cameron-wants
Donald MacDonald-gun, sword, terge
John his brother-gun, sword, terge
Allan his brother-gun, sword
Sandy MacDonald- gun, sword
John MacDonald-gun
John MacFinla vic Ean Roy-gun, sword
John MacInnes vic Ean vic Creul-wants
Ian MacYonill-gun, sword
John MacIsaac the Violer-gun

Glenforslan
Hugh MacVoddich-sword
John MacLean-wants

Ulgary
John MacDonald-gun, sword, terge
Ewan Ban-sword
John MacDonald-gun

Caolas
John Mac Neill Mor-gun, sword Riuari Mac Innish Moir-gun

Lochan
Duncan MacIsaak-gun, sword Angus Maclean-gun

Eignaig
Angus Maclean-gun, sword
Donald Maclean-wanting
John Maclean-gun

Eilean Shona
Ian Og vic Ruari-sword, gun, terge
Donald MacDonald-gun, sword
Dugald MacDonald-gun, sword
Rory Macpherson-gun, sword
Angus Mac Vorrich-sword
John Macleod-gun, sword
Donald MacDonald-gun, sword
Calum Mac Gawry-wanting

Officers
Colonel Clanranald
Major MacDonald, Glenaladale
Captain John MacDonald, his brother
Captain Donald MacDonald
Captain Ranald Macdonald
Captain Angus Macdonald
Captain Alexander his brother
Captain Alexander his oldest son
Captain John MacDonald, Guidale
Captain Ranald and Captain Allan, brothers Kinlochmoidart
Captain John Macdonald, Eigg
Moidart Among the Clanranalds, p146 Charles MacDonald, Ed John Watts

The Highlanders were drawn up in two lines, the right commanded by Lord George Murray consisting of Athole men, Camerons, Stewarts, Frasers, MacKintoshes, Farquharsons and others. On the left, commanded by Lord John Drummond, were the MacDonalds of Clanranald, Keppoch and Glengarry. The latter caused much dissention in the Highland army, as the MacDonalds always claimed the privilege of being on the right of the line, and this oversight in position gave them grave offence. Highland Ways and Byways, Kenneth A Macrae, "Coinneach Mor", page 114.

At Culloden the Macdonalds behaved very badly. It was extremely short-sighted policy of course on the part of Lord George Murray to dispute their traditional claim to fight on the right wing….nothing could have touched their pride more keenly than to see a rival clan stationed at the post which they looked on as their own…They refused to fight….The Duke of Perth tried over and over again to lead them in person…but they seem to have treated his words with sullen contempt….When the day was lost, the Macdonalds withdrew to the hills. The losses amongst the Clanranald men were trivial, and of the officers, not one save Kinlochmoidart was missing. Moidart Among the Clanranalds, p155 Charles MacDonald, Ed John Watts

1746 Angus Beg, son of Alexander Macdonald, Minister of Dalelea, succeeded his father as Minister although subsequently he joined the Catholic Church some time before the '45. He joined Clanranald as a Captain at Culloden and escaped afterwards making his way back to Moidart where he skulked in the hills for two years. When the Act of Indemnity was passed, he returned to Dalelea where he lived quietly for some years before dying. He was succeeded at Dalelea by his son Allan who had several children, one of which was Alexander Macdonald the "banker" (see later), who built the present Dalelea House. Moidart Among the Clanranalds, p127 Charles MacDonald, Ed John Watts

1746
After the Battle of Culloden on 15th April, Prince Charles withdrew westwards. "On the 20th he arrived at the house of Alexander Macdonald, brother of the Macdonald with whom he had stayed when he first landed, in Arisaig. He stayed here until he embarked for Uist on the 26th." Charles Edward Stuart. The life and times of Bonnie Prince Charlie by David Daiches, Page 226

1746
Donald MacLeod procured a stout eight-oared boat, the property of John Macdonald, son of Aeneas or Angus Macdonald of Borrodale and on 26th April they went aboard at twilight on the very spot of ground where the Prince had landed at first….There were in the boat the Prince, Captain O'Sullivan, Captain O'Neil, Allan Macdonald, commonly called Captain Macdonald (of the family of Clanranald), and a clergyman of the Church of Rome; and Donald MacLeod for pilot managing the helm……There were also eight boatmen…...They landed on Benbecula on the morning of April 27th and at Rossinish they found an unihabited hut, where they made a fire to dry their clothes…..They sent a man to Clanranald's house, several miles away, and he found Clanranald's second son, who had left the Jacobite Army before Culloden; he came to pay his respects to the Prince bringing some biscuits, meal and butter. Charles Edward Stuart. The life and times of Bonnie Prince Charlie by David Daiches, Page 229

1746 27 June, Flora Macdonald stayed at Clanranald's house on Benbecula on her way back to Skye, while Bonnie Prince Charlie hid nearby. Lady Clanranald visited Charles and, whilst there she heard that Captain John Ferguson (an Aberdeenshire Naval Officer with a deep hatred of Highlanders and a justified reputation for cruelty) with an advance party of General Campbell's men were at her house and that 'Ferguson had lain in her bed the night before' (See also later - It was a Captain 'Fergusson' who set fire to Kinlochmoidart House - TR) Charles Edward Stuart. The life and times of Bonnie Prince Charlie by David Daiches, Page 238

1746 After delivering the Prince, disguised as 'Betty Burke, an Irish lady's maid, safely to Portree, Flora Macdonald was arrested on her way back to her home in Armadale and taken on board Captain Ferguson's sloop, the Furnace - and later sent to the Tower of London, but released under the Act of Indemnity 1747. In 1750 she married Allan Macdonald. Charles Edward Stuart. The life and times of Bonnie Prince Charlie by David Daiches, Page 244

1746 4 July, Back on the mainland, having come to Loch Nevis from Skye, the Prince spent three nights in the open before staying with MacDonald of Morar, eight miles from Malaig. The house had been burned by Captain Ferguson and Morar was living with his family in a little hut…..Prince Charlie then moved on south to the house of Angus Macdonald of Borrodale where he had stayed on his very first landing.…he found that this house too had been burned by Captain Ferguson and Angus Macdonald was living with two men in a nearby hut. Charles Edward Stuart. The life and times of Bonnie Prince Charlie by David Daiches, Page 248

1746 4 September L'Heureux and Le Prince Conti, French privateers, entered Loch Boisdale in South Uist in search of the Prince. Here they ran across the same Captain Macdonald of Clanranald's regiment who had been in the eight-oared boat in which the Prince had been rowed to Benbecula on 26th April. Macdonald came aboard and served as pilot and took the French across the Minch to Loch nan Uamh. Here they lay in the loch disguised as British men-of war between 6th and 19th September. Charles Edward Stuart. The life and times of Bonnie Prince Charlie by David Daiches, Page 257

1746 Donald Macdonald (Kinlochmoidart), having joined the Prince immediately he came to Moidart, travelled south with him but was recognised when alone in Edinburgh (Note: Jefferson says it was Lesmahagow) and imprisoned. He was tried in Carlisle and condemned to death and executed in the summer of 1746. Moidart Among the Clanranalds, p153 Charles MacDonald, Ed John Watts

1746 Kinlochmoidart House burned….The pre 1746 house had an alignment with the present walled garden. Kinlochmoidart House, Stephen Jefferson 1995.

The record of burning Kinlochmoidart house was set out in the log of Captain Fergussone on board HMS Furnace, which had also laid waste to Eigg and to Borrodale House, when he wrote "sent the boats ashore maned at Loch Moidart at 4. Took 20 barrels of gunpowder at 5, set the laird's house in fire at 8"…. Maldwin Drummond's account of a cruise in the Journal of the Royal Cruising Club 1976, Page 221, Bonnalie/Impey Papers Ref 21 "The troops were let loose on the district…The houses, after first being plundered were burnt to the ground, the cattle were driven away or wantonly destroyed. Shooting parties ranged over the hills, chasing the unfortunate people…When Kinloch House was burnt down (by Capt Fergussone), the chief's mother, a lady far advanced in years, had to be carried out in a dying state into the garden (Note: Jefferson says it is a myth that she died at this time, she survived until 1760)…The rest of the family fled to Glenforslan…Some of the worst visitors were landing parties detached from the men-of-war cruising along the coast…The only approach to treachery in Moidart was that of a native who, under pressure, was induced to give information regarding the spot where the Kinloch title deeds and some family plate were hidden, viz, at Craig-an-Dun, close to Loch Moidart". Moidart Among the Clanranalds, p162 Charles MacDonald, Ed John Watts

1746 After Culloden Clanranald made his way south, through London (unrecognised) and on to Paris, where he remained for several years as he had been excluded from the Act of Indemnity. Unlike Moidart Macdonald, he did not forfeit his estate, perhaps because it was entailed and his father, the true owner, had always been against supporting the Jacobite cause. Moidart Among the Clanranalds, p164 Charles MacDonald, Ed John Watts. "Prince Charles, as fugitive, eventually departed from Borrodale. More than a hundred gentlemen, many of whom were lurking in the two districts of Moidart and Arisaig, availed themselves of this opportunity of getting away to France…With the exception of Ranald, all the other members of the Kinlochmoidart family sailed with the Prince to France, and none of them ever returned…Ranald married a daughter of Angus Beg, Dalelea, and settled down at Roshven, which he received from Clanranald for his lifetime". Moidart Among the Clanranalds, p171 Charles MacDonald, Ed John Watts.

1746 The Moidart Macdonalds had their property confiscated after Donald's execution and the Government retained it in its possession for the next forty one years, the commissioner being appointed to superintend being Butter of Faskally, a gentleman of Perthshire. During this period, the Kinlochmoidart Macdonald (Alexander) had received an education in the Scots College in France, but returned every now and then to the district for nostalgic reasons. One cause of his anxiety was his mother who for many years lived at Briaig before returning to Kinlochmoidart and then dying, to be buried on Eilean-Fhionnan. She was the daughter of Robert Stewart of Appin. Alexander died in Edinburgh in 1781. His son John was eventually to get the estate back in 1786 . Moidart Among the Clanranalds, p188 Charles MacDonald, Ed John Watts. "The estate, after forfeiture at first was administered by the Barons of Exchequer of Scotland and after 1755 by the Commissioners for managing forfeited and annexed estates in Scotland. Factors were appointed by them. Patrick Campbell was factor from 1749 to 27th December 1752 when he resigned having roused much ill-will by his harsh treatment of the tenants and especially relatives of Donald Macdonald. Mungo Campbell was then appointed and in 1758 Henry Butter of Faskally in Perthshire was appointed and continued until the restoration of the estates." Commentary by S R-M upon the description of the property comprising the Kinlochmoidart Estate as set out in the deed of entail dated 7th October 1795 and referred to subsequently. Bonnalie/Impey Papers. Ref 50.

1746 When the Commissioners of the Forfeited Estates wished to introduce Highlanders to Lowland values after the '45 they could think of nothing more likely to promote industriousness and civilization than the plantation of villages with linen works, English Schools, post-offices, markets and prisons:….one of their surveyors spoke of Beauly in Inverness-shire, as "a clachan inhabited by a great collection of poor people who live in hutts and retail ale and spirituous liquors" Scotland and the Age of Improvement, edited by NT Phillipson and Rosalind Mitchison, p81

1746 Jacobism and Episcopacy were seen to be hand in hand and Episcopal meetings were seen as nurseries for treason. In 1746 a law was passed limiting a congregation of a "non-qualified" clergyman to four people. Soldiers toured the north, burning and wrecking Episcopal chapels. Strange expedients were used to obey the letter of the law, but to defeat its purpose. In Inverness a congregation assembled in a loft with a hole in the floor, through which the voice of the pastor rose from the ground floor, in which the tiny legal-sized flock was gathered. In other places people worshipped in a barn, the minister standing in a kiln; or the room was divided by a thin partition through which the service could be heard by the worshippers on the other side. The Social Life of Scotland in the Eighteenth Century. H Grey Graham. Page 387.

1746
After Culloden, Highland Regiments were raised in order to "earn points" with the British Crown. BBC Documentary on Clearances


1746 For a while after 1746, William Harrison was probably the only priest active in the Rough Bounds, the rest being either in prison, fugitive or dead. (He died in Keppoch in 1773). Moidart Among the Clanranalds, p115 Charles MacDonald, Ed John Watts

1746 What preoccupied the authorities about Catholics was less their religion than their politics and it is usually argued that penal legislation was maintained more as a deterrent against Jacobitism than as a means of extirpating the Catholic religion. Except in times of crisis, such as 1689-1692 and 1745-1746, local lairds evinced little desire to meddle in the religious affairs of their neighbours…..However...When the state decided to crack down on Catholic recusancy, it cracked down hard….In the aftermath of the 'Forty-Five, five Jesuit priests were captured (four of them from Highland Mission stations) and two died in prison. Only four of the twenty nine secular priests were arrested, though to these must be added one who fell at Culloden and two who fled the country. None suffered the death penalty as prescribed by the penal statutes, but all were banished from Scotland and threatened with execution if they returned…which some of them did and the threat was not enforced. Eighteenth Century Scotland, New Perspectives, TM Devine and JR Young, page 101, Essay by James F McMillan. While Jacobitism could call upon its own vision of the Scottish past and its own ideas of Scottish nationhood, it could not break the alternative visions of national identity in the lowlands which were supplied by the Covenanting legacy of the seventeenth century and the triumph of Presbyterianism in 1690. Eighteenth Century Scotland, New Perspectives, TM Devine and JR Young, page 124, Essay by Richard J Finlay.

1747 From 1st August it became illegal for men or boys "to wear highland dress in Scotland, other than soldiers in the King's forces. The plaid, philebeg or little kilt, trowse, shoulder belts, or any part whatsoever of what peculiarly belongs to the highland garb" were banned. Culloden, John Prebble p 311

1747 "Alexander MacLauchlan was part tenant of the croft of Ulgary paying 55 (Scots) for a six shilling and threepennyland part of the merkland of Ulgary. Apparently his father had possessed Ulgary for 200 years before that. 'North Argyll' maintained that Ulgary meant 'The Field of the Bearded Grass'. It seems to have been one of the most sought after bits of land on the whole estate, perhaps the feeding was richer than anywhere else." Glenmoidart Notes, Bonnalie/Impey Papers Ref 16

1748 Hereditary jurisdiction was abolished, removing it from the feudal power of the chiefs, particularly in the Highlands and merging it with the state. Barons and chiefs who had ruled like kings in their districts, and tyrants over their vassals, were suddenly reduced to mere subjects - no more superior to laws than the meanest of their crofters. The Social Life of Scotland in the Eighteenth Century. H Grey Graham. Page 496.

1750
From this date, whole communities of Gaels from the Highlands and Islands, including the tacksmen sometimes, moved to USA, Carolina in particular. They did this voluntarily, driven from their homes not only by the beginnings of "improvements" and as a result of overcrowding, but also by a dislike of the British Crown. By 1770 there were 12,000 in one county alone and they became embroiled in 1776 in the American War of Independence. BBC Documentary on Clearances

1750 Others moved and then moved again because of religious differences. For instance, some in Clan Glengarry who were Catholic found it hard to live with Protestants over in the United States and, once there, moved a second time to Canada. BBC Documentary on Clearances

1750 "Patrick MacIntyre, a drover from Strontian came to Moidart in 1750 as tacksman of Glenforslan and Duilad where he found 'poor mean wattled huts' and suggested the building of some stone cottages" Attributed to Iain Thornber in Glenmoidart Notes, Bonnalie/Impey Papers Ref 16

1750 From a list of claims sustained upon estates forfeited by the Rebellion of 1745…."Feb 28th. Mrs Isobell Stewart alias MacDonald widow of Donald MacDonald of Kinlochmoidart, an annuity of 500 Scots. To be restricted during the existence of the heir male, procreat betwixt the claimant and him, and during the lifetime of Mrs Margaret Cameron, mother of the said Donald MacDonald, to a free annuity of 400 Scots. Interest of each year's annuity from Marts. yearly while the same is unpaid. The possession of the Mansion House, Office houses and gardens of Kinlochmoidart so long as she shall continue unmarried and untill the heir male of the Marriage shall attain majority. Also she is entitled to as much of the grounds of Mains thereof as she shall judge necessary for her own use and accommodation, she paying yearly a proportion of the rent of the Mains corresponding to it.- St Finan's Isle, Its Story by Alastair Cameron (North Argyll), page 6 - Jean Cameron and Bonnalie/Impey Papers, Ref 38


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