The Moidart Timewarp
by Tim Roberton

1851 - 1875
In which Poor Law records show acute distress in Moidart, The Society for Assisting Emigration was formed, many tenants from Moidart sailed away on assisted passages, Eilean Shona changed hands as did Glenuig and The Loch Shiel Estate (twice). The churches at Kinlochmoidart and Dorlin were built and sheep gradually began to give way to deer. Queen Victoria paid a visit to Loch Shiel.

1850  From the mid 1850s, estate policy was not violent eviction, but the quiet encouragement to remove, the easing out of a people who could often pay little rent and who might become a substantial liability if they stayed. A Century of the Scottish People 1830-1950, TC Smout, page 69

1850  Central Board figures and, those from Estate and Poor Law records show “acute distress concentrated in the Ardnamurchan peninsula and the parishes of Arisaig, Moidart, Glenelg, Kintail and Lochcarron”. Great Highland Famine p46 TM Devine and John Donald 1988- Jean Lawson

1851 An inquest was held into the deaths of a miner at Strontian when a rock fall in the mine crushed him. The rock was known to be dangerous and had been reported a number of times. See Court Records. John Dye

1851 Archibald Maclean was convicted of assaulting a policeman after causing a disturbance in Mary Lowrie's tent at Salen. See Court Records. John Dye

1851  Census Returns (available Fort William Library on microfilm):-
Assary:-
John McVarish 42, shepherd
Flora McVarish 32
4 sons, 1 daughter
Female servant, 22

Glenforslan:-
Lachlan McPherson 38, shepherd
Christian McPherson 30
4 children, 9, 6, 3 and 2

Duncan Mcleod 20, shepherd, born Morvern
Alexander Mcleod 26, shepherd, born Dorlin
Margery McPherson 35, unmarried. House servant, born Dorlin
Donald McDonald 15, herdboy

Widow with 5 children under 15, cottar
House servant 29, female
Male 19, boatbuilder

Shepherd 38

Kinlochudriach:-
Alexander Stewart 46, sheep farmer
Christine Stewart 75, mother
Mary MacDonald 23, unmarried servant
Ann Mclean 35, unmarried servant

Alan McVarish 30, unmarried, crofter
May McVarish 57, mother
Mary McVarish 28, unmarried sister, farm servant
Brother 26, farm servant
Sisters (2), farm servants
Catherine McVarish 16, scholar

Kinlochmoidart:-
Macdonald 67, unmarried

John Macdonald 42, shoemaker
Wife 29
Mary Macdonald, sister, farm servant

Mary Macdonald 62, widow, pauper
Unmarried daughter, 41
Cath Macdonald 2, granddaughter

Donald McDonald 74, Keeper
Daughter 43, unmarried
Daughter 38, unmarried
Daughter 34, unmarried
John 8, grandson, scholar

Angus McNeil 40, ploughman
May McNeil 34, wife
May 3, daughter
Catherine 1, daughter
Mary Mc Gilvray 60, mother in law
Sarah Mc Gilvray 24, unmarried, farm servant
Catherine McPherson 64, widow, retired cook
John McPherson 39, visitor, cottar
J McDonald 16, undergardener

Donald McPherson 34, unmarried, ploughman

Kinlochmoidart House:-
William Robertson 49, landed proprietor, Advocate to Ceylon
William 16, son, studying at home
McPherson 25, visitor, unmarried law student
5 female servants, 2 male servants

John McPherson 32, agricultural labourer
Catherine 31, wife
Daughters, 8 and 6
Sons 3 and 6

Ardmolich:-
Hector McGilray 36, smith
Ann 31, wife
3 daughters
4 sons, 6 months to 9 years

West Lodge:-
Donald Cameron 39, postmaster
Jessie 27, wife
2 daughters
3 sons
Nephew, soldier

Rhoderic McDonald 50, herdsman
Margaret 46, wife
Sons, 13, 10 and 8, scholars

Angus McVie 71, retired carpenter
Catherine 65, wife
Mary 29, daughter unmarried, servant
Alexander 25, son shoemaker
Margaret 23, daughter
Sarah 21, daughter

1 house uninhabited

Alexander McDonald 45, married shepherd
Mary 41, wife
5 daughters, 21, 17, 15, 6 and 5
1 son, 9

Ann McDonald 85, unmarried pauper
Margaret McDonald, sister unmarried
Archibald Fletcher 20, schoolmaster
Simon 14, brother (Gordon Barr suggests he was called Duncan)
Alan McDougall, visitor, tailor

John Cameron 39, miller
Jane Cameron 52, unmarried housekeeper
Agnes Cameron 19, unmarried visitor, dressmaker

Eilean Shona:- follows
Moidart Census Returns 1851, reel 18 Inverness Central Library - Jean Lawson

1851 The Society for Assisting Emigration from the Highlands and Islands of Scotland was formed. With origins in Skye, it soon grew to a national body with headquarters in London and the Great and the Good on its Council. It received Government assistance through the Colonial Land and Emigration Department. Those using its services should sell up all they had and if there was a shortfall against the cost would be assisted by funds from the Society. Highland proprietors welcomed the Society with relief and willingly contributed the one third cost of emigration, thereby clearing their glens for sheep. The Highland Clearances p202 John Prebble. Mr Chant was an employee of the Australian Land Commissioners; his name appears on the Manifest of the Allison which sailed with many from Moidart in 1852. PEI website http://www.islandregister.com which is run by peter macdonald@sftw.com

1852  
“In Kintail, Lochalsh, Arisaig and Moidart there were numerous evictions, the expropriated tenants’ lands being added to sheep farms in almost every case” Crofting Community 1852

1852  Briaig, near Port a’Bhata was one of five local villages cleared. Accounts suggest that the people sailed in the Allison, but there are those who say it was the Marco Polo. The largest building now to be seen in Briaig has the appearance of a church, but local tradition suggests that its use was as a corn store. – John Dye

1852 Marco Polo sailed from Tobermory for Port Philip. Kinlochmoidart House Stephen Jefferson 1995. There were 930 people on board. – John Dye

1852  Allison sailed for Port Philip Kinlochmoidart House Stephen Jefferson 1995

1852  Emigrant families, advanced £110.10.0 paid to MacDonalds, Alex, Mary, Angus Alex, Donald, Angus (Kylesmore) all going to Victoria. Clanranald & Robertson MacDonald Papers ref E 482 MFS Nat Lib Scot – Derek Powell

1852  From the list of Emigrants assisted by Highland and Island Emigration Society and embarked on board the ship Allison which sailed from Liverpool for Melbourne on 13thSeptember 1852, those from Moidart included the following:

MacDonald, 2 adult/5 children (John 38, Flora 30, John 12, Effy 10, Duncan 7, Charles 4, Dugald 1) from Glenmoidart, the estate of Col Ross. They received no aid and Mr Robertson guaranteed the “third” in this case.
McDonald, 2 adult/3 children (Alexander 34, Flora 33, Mary 8, Catherine 4, Angus 2) from Kinlochmoidart, the estate of Mr Robertson. They contributed £7.19.3 and were described as being a “Good family”.
McDonald, 5adult/2 children (Mary 50, Allan 28, Donald 24, Mary 26, Migi (?) 22, Peggy 20, Kate 18) from Kinlochmoidart, the estate of Mr Robertson. They provided a promissory note of £27.10.11/2 and were described as being a “very good family”.
McDonald 4adults/5 children (Angus 55, Mary 48, John 26, Roderick 24, Donald 16, John 14, Ronald 10, Mary 20, Kate 12) from Kinlochmoidart, the estate of Mr Robertson. They provided their own payment of £16.4.3 and were described as “Hale man, strong healthy family”
McDonald 2adults/6 children (Alexander 44, Mary 43, Alexander 18, John 15, Allan 13, Ann 11, Kate 8, Donald 5) from Kinlochmoidart, the estate of Mr Robertson. The provided their own funds of £17.0.10 and were described as “Eligible man, fine healthy family”.
McDonald 2 adults/8 children (Donald 43, Ann 42, Duncan 18, Hugh 16, Angus 16, Margaret 12, John 8, Ann 10, Flora 3, Mary 14) from Kinlochmoidart, the estate of Mr Robertson. They provided their own funds of £23.13.0 and were described as a “Strong healthy family”.
McDonald 2 adults/5 children (Alexander 48, Mary 35, John 13, Margaret 11, Ann 8, Mary 5, Kate 1) from Kylesmore on the estate of Mr Robertson. They provide funds of £18.0.71/2 and were described as “Very fine couple likely to be serviceable on arrival”
The manifest shows that Allison contained 184 adults (91m and 93f) and 105 children (61m and 44f). Of these, 53 came from Kinlochmoidart, 10 adult males, 9 adult females, 17 boys and 17 girls. The Allison list of Emigrants Public Record Office, Inverness

Summary taken from HIES records:-

SUMMARY

MALES FEMALES SOULS
ADULTS
Married 40 40 80
Single 51 53 104
91 93 184
CHILDREN
From 1 to 14 58 42 100
Under 1 year 3 2 5
TOTAL 132 137 289

There were also 13 natal deaths. Information taken from PEI website.

There is also a description of the Allison, built in 1851 in New Brunswick, registered in London in http://www.islandregister.com

But in addition to describing Allison, the document also goes into the details of everybody on board, citing their religion and whether they could read and/or write. There are a surprising number of non-Catholics on board, especially considering the role that Father Rankin is said to have played. Sadly, there is a further document showing how disease took its toll on board. Allison sailed from Liverpool on 13 September 1852, arriving at Geelong on 20thDecember. However, because of Typhus, the passengers were held on board in quarantine until 8th February 1853, by which time 5 adults and 13 children had died. In addition there were also 13 natal deaths Information taken from PEI website.

1852  The following reference to Moidart was published in 1852, but was probably written slightly earlier in the century judging from cross-references dated 1831 in a parallel entry for Muck . - “MOYDART, a territorial district and a marine loch in the south-west extremity of Inverness-shire. The district is bounded on the north and north-east by Morar; on the south-east and south by Loch Shiel, which divides it from Ardgour and Suinart; and on the west by the Deu-Caledonian sea. Its greatest length from east to west is 18 miles; and its mean breadth is 7 miles. Its coast-line, everywhere is irregular, is very deeply indented by pieces of the sea, particularly lochs Ailort, Na-Nua, and Moydart. Its interior is thoroughly Highland, and possesses little interest. Some wood along Loch-Shiel and portions of the sea-coast, soften the prevailing wildness. It is traversed across the north by the road from Fort-William to Arisaig, and contains the latter village, the old ferry station to Skye. The district forms part of the enormous parish of Ardnamurchan. Loch-Moydart is situated on the southern boundary, and continues the narrow communication from Loch-Shiel outward to the sea. It penetrates 5 miles into the land, but over two thirds of its length it is split into two channels by the island of Shona. The south or main channel has, at its entrance, two islets mantled with plantations of birch and larch; at its head it is adorned with Kinloch-Moydart, the mansion of Colonel Robertson Macdonald; on its south shore it is overhung by the bold form of Castle Tirim (which see); but everywhere else it has a dull, bald skirting of cold, unrelieved heathy hills”. Extract from Gazetteer for Scotland 1852 - supplied by Caroline Picton Phillipps

1852 A slightly different account dates from exactly the same period and seems to carry a more optimistic tone. “Kinlochmoidart at the head of Loch Moidart, which indents the western extremity of this district, the high bounding ranges which enclose the lake continue to run inland and form the first part or opening of a valley, about 7 or 8 miles long. The level land here is about 200 acres in extent, (the soil moss about 2 feet thick on a bed of clay, extending about three quarters of a mile along the head of the loch and about the same distance back into the glen, with a quarter of a mile in mean breadth.) It is all good and productive arable, though still capable of improvement, to which the greatest obstacle is its slight elevation above the level of the sea. Some fine old sycamores and other trees around the embowered and sequestered residence of the proprietor, attest the maturity and great size to which forest trees are capable of arriving. Groves of vigorous larches and firs and woods of oak, birch and ash, profitably adorn the lesser eminences of the slopes of the high mountains where the plain of Kinlochmoidart terminates to the east, the valley takes a north easterly direction and we come upon the farm of Lochans and a small lake not more probably than 10 or 15 feet above sea level, the flat land being about 150 yards broad, chiefly swampy, yet improvable land. After this, the valley, under the name of Glenforslan, contracts, until, at about a mile from its upper extremity, beyond a farmhouse of that name, the level ground ceases and the stream fills the entire bottom. This last is much the least valuable in the glen. The hills, though steep, are covered with a depth of soil uncommon in such situations, and of coarse grass of superior quality. New Statistical Account Renfrewshire & Argyllshire VII, 1845. Written 1838 by Rev Angus Mclean, Minister

1853  Eilean-Shona, bequeathed to Archibald Macdonald of Rhu in 1818 by Alexander Macdonald of Glenaladale, was sold by Lochshiel, son of Rhu to Captain Swinburne RN for £6,500. Shona Beg was not included because it formed part of the Kinloch and not the Clanranald holding. Moidart Among the Clanranalds p 214 Charles MacDonald, Ed John Watts

1853 In this year, nine hundred and forty seven emigrant vessels sailed from Liverpool to North America. Emigrant berths were three or four tiers high and in bad weather the hatches were battened shut. The smell after being at sea for over a week was like an open cess-pool. Passage to America, Terry Coleman, page 20.

1853 Additional clearances were affected on the Ardnamurchan Estate, when Swordle….with an aggregate of about 3,000 acres, was divested of tenants (sixteen)….When cast adrift, most of them were assigned an acre each on the rough lands of Sanna and Portuairk…Sir James Riddell was the proprietor responsible…..Other places he divested of people and placed under sheep included Laga (eight tenants) and Tarbert (four). Stories of the Highland Clearances, Alexander Mackenzie (1883), Lang Syne Books P106

1854 The miners at Strontian attempted to bring an action against the Mining Company arising from some of the inadequate workplace practices in existence which had been highlighted at an inquest three years earlier. See Court Records. John Dye

1854 Archibald Macdonald of Gaskan was charged with stealing timber for firewood at Gorten. See Court Records. John Dye

1854 Clark's Pirn Mill at Salen was burnt by fire and the housekeeper, Mrs Agnes Torrance lost all her possessions in the conflagration. See Court Records. John Dye

1854 The emigrant went steerage in a sailing vessel, fare £3.10s and the passage usually four to seven weeks. Those on a Cunard Steam Packet, paid £25.00 and took twelve and a half days. Passage to America, Terry Coleman, page 18. The biggest emigrant ships carried a thousand steerage passengers, and most of the deck space was kept not for them, but for the few cabin passengers. Passage to America, Terry Coleman, page 20.

1854  Some Moidart tenants sailed to Port Philip, Victoria, on the ship Allisonin 1852, and more on the Hornet in 1854, but documented numbers were small. The greatest concentration of Catholic highland settlers was at Little River, thirty miles from Melbourne, and also at Belmont, a suburb of Geelong. Father Rankin made Little River his home from 1857. Moidart families were still also taking the traditional emigration route to America after the Famine, one group reaching Giants Lake, Guysburgh, Nova Scotia about 1848, and another, which included Lochshiel tenants, sailing in 1850. Moidart Among the Clanranalds p 223 Charles MacDonald, Ed John Watts

1854 Alexander Stewart, late tenant of Glenforslan, purchased Glenuig from Dr Martin. Moidart Among the Clanranalds p2o4 Charles MacDonald, Ed John Watts

1854 Crimean War.

1855  Lochshiel estate sold to Hope Scott for £24,000. Moidart Among the Clanranalds p220 Charles MacDonald, Ed John Watts

1855 Just after Rankin left for Australia, in the same year (1855) that the estate was bought by Hope-Scott of Abbotsford (James Hope added to his name on marrying Sir Walter Scott's granddaughter), the chapel was described as 'a miserable thatched edifice, destitute of everything befitting the service of religion.' Rankin's successor the Rev. Hugh Chisholm described work being carried out at Langal in 1855: 'Gillespie Ban commenced to thatch the Vestry Nov. 15th - Finished it the following morning. The work was done gratuitously except what it cost me in whisky.' Catholic Chapels of Moidart and Glenfinnan, by Alasdair Roberts

1855 The Derry Castle took some folk from Drumsallie to Portland Bay, Victoria. – John Dye

1856 Ann Cameron at Shielfoot died eight days after childbirth. See Court Records. John Dye

1856 John McPhail, the apprentice to the blacksmith at Bridgend Strontian was accused of injuring Allan Tolmie, the Minister's young brother during a bit of horseplay which got out of hand. See Court Records. John Dye

1856 John McPhail, the blacksmith's apprentice in trouble again, this time together with Ewen Young assaulting Charles Cameron at Strontian because they were aggrieved that he had outbid them at the sales for a grinder. See Court Records. John Dye

1857 Inman took over the United States mail contract. His ships were all iron-hulled screw ships, unlike the paddle-wheel, wooden Cunarders. He and is wife made one voyage to see how the discomforts of an emigrant ship could be made more bearable. Although not luxurious, it is true to say (as he did himself) that he carried emigrants in "so much shorter a period and in so much better a way"….His liners crossed in fourteen or fifteen days, slightly longer than the Cunarders, but more than twice as quickly as the sailing packets. Passage to America, Terry Coleman, page 237.

1857
Foundation stone of St Finan’s church laid by Mrs Sarah Robertson-Macdonald. Shortly afterwards the vicarage was built. Kinlochmoidart House, Stephen Jefferson, 1995

1857 William Johnston was fined £6.13.01 for the Sunday selling of Whisky etc at Shielbridge Inn to “Charles Leslie, a Painter & Alexander Stott, also a painter and now or lately with Captain Thomas Swinburne Esqr. of Island Shona. Both were that drunk that they were nearly drowned going across to Island Shona. Charles Leslie fell out of the boat and was in the water for a long time until a boat from the shore came to his rescue.
Secondly, John McDonald, a Sailor on board the vessel 'Dart', belonging to Captain Thomas Swinburne & Alexander Smith, son of and now residing with Alexander Smith, his father, a Crofter in Island Shona, Donald Kennedy, son of John Kennedy, also a Crofter, Island Shona, all drinking at Shiel Bridge Inn on Sunday the 2nd day of August 1857, the above parties did not travel more than 2½ miles that day to the public house.”
In the margin of the above are added the names of Mary Smith, daughter of Alex Smith, Carpenter, Island Shoona and John McDonald Deek A second page gives the following names:
Donald Cameron, Carpenter,
Donald Cameron, Gardener, Kinlochmoidart
Charles McKinnon a Smith, "
Alex MacKinnon a Smith, "
John Cameron, Joiner Lochgilphead Archive, Tobermory Court Records - John Dye

1859 Dugald McNaughton and John Cameron had a fight outside the London House Hotel Strontian and were convicted. See Court Records. John Dye

1859 Falkland Island Company formed. The Gaels came here voluntarily. BBC
Documentary on Clearances.


1860 Mary MacPherson, Archibald Morrison and Archibald Clark were drowned in a dreadful storm which tore boats from their moorings at Tobermory in hurricane-force winds and swept them across the Sound of Mull to be wrecked upon the far shore at Drimnin. See Court Records. John Dye

1861 There appears a police report for, “Assault and Malicious Mischief againstAlexander Smith, son of and residing with Alexander Smith, Crofter, Island Shona, Parish of Ardnamurchan and County of Inverness. He was charged that upon the 28 day of December 1860, he broke four windows in the Shiel Bridge Inn, in the Parish of Ardnamurchan and County of Argyle, the property of James Dalgleish Esq. and in possession of William Johnston, Innkeeper there and the said Alexr. Smith broke a chair and table belonging to the said William Johnston and assaulted John McDonald, son of and residing with Angus McDonald, Crofter, Barrmore, Island Shona in the Parish of Ardnamurchan and County of Inverness. He then went out and seized hold of John McDonald, son of Angus McDonald, Island Shona, and put him down in the door of the Inn whereby his foot was sprained severely and no being able to move he said it was Smith that did it. The said Alexander Smith was left out and the door bolted, he then went round the house and broke four windows in the house”.
Sentence - 10/6 fine or 10 days imprisonment Lochgilphead Archive, Tobermory Court Records - John Dye

1861 Moidart Census Returns (available Fort William Library on microfilm):-
Kinlochmoidart:-
Allan McPherson 22, unmarried Assembly Schoolmaster, born in Argyll, 3 rooms

Lachlan McPherson 53, shepherd, born in Appin 2 rooms
Christy 40, wife born in Strontian
Colin 19 unmarried son, born Assary
Ann 16 unmarried daughter, scholar born Moidart
Angus 13, scholar born Moidart
Alexander 11, scholar born Moidart
Mary 9, scholar born Moidart
Sarah 6, born Moidart
Catharine 4, born Moidart
Susan 9 months, born Moidart
Margery McPherson 50, unmarried visitor, born Appin

Joseph Rawlins, Reverend aged 32, Episcopal Incumbent of St Finans, Kinlochmoidart, BA Trinity College Dublin, 8 rooms, born in Ireland
Mary Matilda, daughter 7, born Ireland
Elizabeth Mclean 31, unmarried domestic servant, born Ireland
Thomas McCormack 18, unmarried, labouring the ground, born Ireland

Angus McNeil 45, ploughman, 2 rooms, born Acharacle
Mary 43, wife born Acharacle
Catherine 11, daughter, scholar born Acharacle
Christy 9, daughter, scholar born Acharacle
Sarah 6, daughter, scholar born Acharacle
Donald 3, son, born Acharacle
Mary McDonald 70, mother-in-law, pauper, formerly farmer’s wife, born Ardnamurchan

John McIntyre 48, agricultural labourer, 2 rooms, born Morvern
Margaret 48, wife born Skye
Lachlan 15, son, scholar born Arisaig
Christian 13, daughter, scholar born Arisaig
William 11, son, scholar born Arisaig

Donald Cameron 41, merchant born Strontian
Jane 35, wife born Dumbartonshire
Mary 13, daughter, scholar born Acharacle
Charlotte 11, daughter, scholar born Acharacle
John 9, son, scholar born Acharacle
Agnes 6, daughter, scholar born Acharacle
Sarah 4 born Acharacle
David 2, born Acharacle

Angus McNeil 86, pauper formerly boat carpenter born Acharacle
Catherine 70, pauper his wife, born Strontian
Margaret 30, unmarried daughter, domestic servant born Acharacle
Amy Cameron 6, grand-daughter

Glenmoidart:-
Angus McDonald widower, farmer, 3 rooms, born Acharacle
John 22, son born Acharacle
Mary 19, daughter, born Acharacle

William Gracie 34, shepherd 7 rooms, born Kirkcudbrightshire
Anne 36, wife born Minniegaft
William 7, born Minniegaft
Elisabeth 5, born Minniegaft
James 3, born Minniegaft
Jane 1, born Minniegaft
Sarah McPherson 20, unmarried domestic servant, born Acharacle
Roderick McVarish 30, unmarried servant shepherd

Duncan Rankin 45, shepherd 2 rooms, born Strontian
Cathy 38, wife born Morvern
Ewen 7, born Kinlochmoidart
Dugald 6, born Kinlochmoidart
Alexander 6 months, born Kinlochmoidart
Betty Cameron 24, unmarried domestic servant, born Morvern

Ewen Cameron 50, shepherd 2 rooms, born Morvern
Janet 48, born Morvern
Catherine 14, daughter scholar, born Morvern
John 11, son scholar, born Corran
Ann Cameron 20, unmarried domestic servant, born Tobermory

Hugh Ross 74, Lieutenant General Madras Army, 10 rooms born Lochaber
Margaret Mitchell 47, unmarried housekeeper, born Kilmonivaig
Catherine Cameron 26, unmarried cook servant, born Fort William
Emly McNaughton 47, unmarried dairymaid servant, born Acharacle
Alexander McDonald 26, unmarried shepherd servant, born Glenmorrison
Ewen McDonald 25, unmarried gardener servant, born Glengarry
Dugald Rankin 76, former servant, born Acharacle
John McDonald 16, unmarried herdboy servant, born Glasgow
John Fraser 60, unmarried working mason, born Dores

Another Glenmoidart household of 6 persons
Shepherd and wife plus 2 sons and 2 daughters, born Morar

Another household of 5 persons in 2 rooms

Another household of 2 rooms with single occupant
Ann McDonald 38, widow day labourer, born Arasaig

William Henderson 37, widower shepherd, 7 rooms, born Dumfermline
3 sons, 12, 10 and 8 all born Acharacle
Robert 21, nephew shepherd, born Dumfermline
Mary McDonald 26, unmarried domestic servant

Another house of 2 rooms occupied by a pauper of 80, formerly domestic servant

Mary McDonald, widow in 2 rooms, pauper
William McDonald 11, grandson scholar

Another house with Catherine McDonald 50, widow
1861 Moidart Census Returns Reel 14, Inverness Library, Kinlochmoidart. District 7
Res Dist. Acharacle – Jean Lawson


1862 There is a Police Report of Assaults against Simon McDonald son of Angus McDonald, Farmer, Smearisary, in the Quod-sacra parish of Aharacle and County of Inverness, Donald McDonald, Crofter, Smearisary, Allan Kennedy, son of Alexander Kennedy, Crofter, Elin Shona and Neil Gillis, Archibald Gillis & John Gillis, joint Farmers in Elin. The above named parties did attack & assault each other with their clenched fists to the effusion of blood near to the door of the Inn at Shiel Bridge occupied by William Johnston .Robert Currie, Constable, Ardnamurchan says: “Upon Thursday the 2nd day of October 1862 years, while on patrol duty at Shiel Bridge about 5 p.m., a large number of people came out of the Inn in a very disorderly state, the above named Simon McDonald had his coat or jacket off and appeared to be in a very exited state. He said that he would fight any of the Gillis's. I then saw Donald McDonald come & stand near to him, shortly after I saw a large crowd of people on the top of each other on the road engaged in fighting. I saw Neil Gillis bleeding from a cut on his cheek. Later I saw Archibald Gillis bleeding from a cut on his nose.”
Sentence - Fined 5/- each or 5 days Impt. 30/- in all. Lochgilphead Archive, Tobermory Court Records - John Dye

1862 There was a general complaint by the Registrar General about the slack way Births, Marriages and Deaths records were maintained at Acharacle. Specific examples of poor administration were given as follows:-
“At Aharacle 22d August 1862, Examining Registrar's Books
Found no entry in Duplicate Register of the birth of male child of Mary MacNaughton, wife of Alex Cameron, Labourer, on 28 Dec. 1861
Do. as to the birth of male child of Janet Cameron, wife of John Cameron, Arivegaig on 10 January 1862
Marriage of Charles Macinnes, Dorlin and Marjory Macdonald, Dalnambreach 5 Feby. 1862
Do. no entry in Duplicate Book of birth of male child of Ann Macdonald, wife of Dugald Macdonald, Blain, 23 March 1862
Do. as to the death of Angus Macdonald, Kinlochmoidart 8 June 1862
Etc” Lochgilphead Archive, Tobermory Court Records - John Dye

1863 "The result has been that the Parish, for example which once had a population of 2,200 souls, and received only £11 per annum from public (Church) funds for the support of the poor, expends now (1863) under the Poor Law upwards of £600 annually, with the population diminished by one half and with poverty increased in greater ratio". (Attributed to Dr Norman MacLeod "Reminiscences in a Highland Parish") quoted in Stories of the Highland Clearances, Alexander Mackenzie (1883), Lang Syne Books P106

1863 James Brady a peddler sold fake soap to two gullible Cameron ladies and was convicted. See Court Records. John Dye

1864 Dorlin built, as was the church and the school. Moidart Among the Clanranalds p220 Charles MacDonald, Ed John Watts

1865 Angus Macdonald drowned in a punt at Resipol trying to lay out an anchor. See Court Records. John Dye

1867 Police Report regarding assault and breach of the peace by Alexander Smith, Sailor or Labourer of Eilean-Shona, parish of Ardnamurchan, in the Shielbridge Inn, on John MacEachen, Crofter of Tougall-Rever, South Morar. Lochgilphead Archive, Tobermory Court Records - John Dye

1870 The large scale keeping of sheep did not continue to flourish. From the 1870s onwards the imports of wool and then of meat from overseas made it less and less profitable. Highland Folk Ways, IF Grant, page 53

1870 The demand for deer forests had begun to rise in the 1870s and there was considerable change-over from sheep-walks to moors and forests. Highland Folk Ways, IF Grant, page 61

1871 Moidart. The Census describes the area in two parts, the first being in Enumeration District Number 6.
This covers part of the Parish of Acharacle, bounded on the West by Loch Shiel, on the South by the Glenaladale Burn, on the East by Inishruary and on the North by the Parliamentary Road. It comprises Blain, Moss, the part of Dalnabreck and Langal South of the Parliamentary Road, Dalilea, Coul, Glenmoidart, also part of Kinlochmoidart and Gasgan. The district lies along the North side of Loch Shiel up to the march of Glenaladale then crosses North to a considerable hill, the shortest way to Glenmoidart, and comes down through that glen and embraces part of Kinlochmoidart. The length is estimated at nine miles which cannot embrace the distance across the hill and through Glenmoidart and down to Kinlochmoidart Bridge, where the last house of the district is, the first visited being within a ¼ of a mile of Shielbridge.
District Number 7 covers part of the Parish of Acharacle bounded to the South by the Parliamentary Road, to the West by Lochmoidart, on the North by the Atlantic Ocean, on the East by the Parliamentary Road to the Bridge at Kinlochmoidart. There by a straight line from the said bridge, due North to the Arisaig boundary. Comprising part of Langall, Dalnabreach, Kinlochmoidart, Duiles, Glenuig, Samalaman.

Extracts are as follows:- (Glen/dart = Glenmoidart, Kin/dart = Kinlochmoidart)


PLACE

PEOPLE & OCCUPATION

BIRTHPLACE

Ref 6/28.

Glen/dart

5 rooms

Ewen Macdugald m 45 Shepherd

Sally 40 Wife

Mary 16 Dtr Domestic Servant

Ewen 18 Son Cow Herd

Catherine 10 Dtr Scholar

Alexander 5 Son Scholar

James Jones m 37 Visitor Hawker

Moidart

Glenfinnan

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Perthshire

Ref 6/29.

Glen/dart

2 rooms

Roderick McVarish m 45 Shepherd

Mary 40 Wife

Mary 15 Dtr Domestic Servant

Michael 12 Son Scholar

Flora 9 Dtr Scholar

Joanna 7 Dtr Scholar

Donald 5 Son

Janet 3 Dtr

Angus 11 months Son

Kin/dart

Arisaig

Moidart

Moidart

Moidart

Moidart

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Ref 6/30.

Glen/dart

2 rooms

Janet McMaster m 39 Formerly Domestic Servant

Ann 12 Dtr Domestic Servant

Alexander 9 Son Scholar

Flora 9 Dtr Scholar

Donald 4 Son

Ronald 2 Son

William 6 months Son

Glenelg

Strathglass

Morvern

Morvern

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Ref 6/31.

Glen/dart

12 rooms

Ewen Cameron m 33 Sheep Manager

Ann 25 Wife

Roderick MacDonald 37 unm Agric Labourer

Sarah McPherson 15 unm Domestic Servant

John Cameron 15 unm Cow herd

Kilmallie

Glenuig

Glenuig

Kin/dart

Lochawe

Ref 6/32.

Kin/dart

2 rooms

Angus McDonald 70 m Agric Labourer5

Mary 27 Dtr unm Domestic Servant

Ann McDugald 2 Grand Dtr

Grace Kennedy 35 m Visiter Hawker

Jane Kennedy 12 Scholar

Acharacle

Moidart

Glenuig

Bonar bridge

Tobermory

Ref. 6/33

Kin/dart

7 rooms

Duncan MacDonald 41 unm Sheep Manager

Ann 70 Mother Domestic servant

John McDugald 19 unm Shepherd

Ann Gillies 23 unm Domestic Servant

Donald Mclean 48 m Visitor Shepherd

Kilmonivaig

Kilmallie

Kin/dart

Glenelg

Glenelg

Ref. 6/34

Kin/dart

1 room

Janet McIsaac 78 unm Formerly Domestic Servant

Margaret unm Sister 39 Former Servant

(??)

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Ref. 6/35

Kin/dart

1 room

Margaret McIsaac unm 98 Former Domestic Servant

(??)

Kin/dart

Ref. 6/36

Kin/dart

1 room

Mary McDonald 89 Wid Former Domestic Servant

Mary 46 unm Dtr Farm Servant

Catherine McInnes 22 GDtr unm Dom Servant

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Ref. 6/37

Kin/dart

2 rooms

Angus McNeil 54 m Ploughman

Mary 32 Wife

Catherine 22 unm Dtr Domestic servant

Mary 14 unm Dtr Domestic Servant

Donald 11 Son Scholar

Mary McGillivray 78 m-in-l Wid Former Dom Servant

Kin/dart

Ardnamurchan

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Ardnamurchan

Ref. 6/38

Kin/dart

1 room

Catherine McNeil 80 Wid Former Dom Servant

Margaret 50 Dtr unm Domestic servant

Mary 57 Dtr unm Domestic Servant

James Cameron 11 GSon Scholar

Morvern

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Ref. 7/17

Kin/dart

2 rooms

Ann McIntyre 50 Wid Housekeeper

Allan McVarish 20 unm 20 Farm Servant

Hugh McNeil 17 unm Cattle Herd

Alexander Cameron 40 m Visitor Fox Hunter

Arisaig

Glenuig

Moidart

Glenorchy

Ref. 7/18

Kin/dart

20 rooms

William Robertson 69 m Landowner

Sarah Adams 67 Wife

Mary Cameron 27 unm Domestic Servant

Ann Mclean 26 unm Domestic Servant

Ann Cameron 28 unm Domestic Servant

Janet Cameron 30 unm Dairy Maid

Ceylon

England

Ross-shire

Ross-shire

Ardnamurchan

Ardnamurchan

Ref. 7/19

Kin/dart

2 rooms

Roderick McDonald 25 unm Shepherd

Flora 22 Sis unm Domestic Servant

Alexander 6 Nephew Scholar

Catherine 56 Wid Mother Retd Housekeeper

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Moidart

Ref. 7/20

Kin/dart

4 rooms

Hugh McDougall 52 m Tailor

Mary 36 Wife

Mary Ann 8 months Dtr

Catherine Smith 14 Domestic Servant

Corpach

Island Shona

Kin/dart

Island Shona

Ref. 7/21

Duiles

3 rooms

John McDonald 70 unm Farmer on small scale

Alexander 55 unm Brother Agric Labourer

Christy Sister 45 unm Domestic Servant

Flora Paterson 62 unm Boarder Lunatic

Ardnamurchan

Ardnamurchan

Ardnamurchan

Ardnamurchan

Ref. 7/22

Duiles

3 rooms

Duncan McDonald 67 unm Retired Farm Servant

Ann 64 unm Sister Retired Domestic Servant

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Ref. 7/23

Duiles

2 rooms

Lachlan McPherson 60 m Shepherd

Christy 49 wife

Catherine 12 Dtr Scholar

Johanna 9 Dtr Scholar

Appin

Strontian

Kin/dart

Kin/dart

Ref. 7/64

Egnaig

3 rooms

Alexander Gillies 32 m Farmer

Mary 24 Wife

Donald 1 day Son

Janet 74 Mother Wid Retired Farmer

Arisaig

Knoydart

Glenuig

Arisaig

Ref. 7/65

Aultaghille

2 rooms

Alexander McDougall 43 m Crofter

Christy 36 Wife

Hugh 3 Son

Ann 1 Dtr

Corpach

Kin/dart

Glenuig

Glenuig

Ref. 7/66

Aultaghille

2 rooms

Archibald McDougall 86 Widr Farmer

Angus 33 m Son Farm Servant

Catherine 32 Dtr-in-law

Arisaig

Acharacle

Island Shona

Inverness Reference Library Reel 18 – Extracted and recorded by Jean Lawson

1871 Lord Howard of Glossop bought the Lochshiel estate from Hope Scott. Moidart Among the Clanranalds p220 Charles MacDonald, Ed John Watts

1872 The Education Act

1873 Selection of place names and sources referred to by Ordnance Survey as written
back up to their plan for 1873 (REEL 67 INV PRO). This indicates the condition of some of the properties and their ownership's at the time:

A CHROIT BHEINN Owned by JA MacDonald of Glenaladale and William Robertson.
AGNESS'S CHAPEL, GLENUIG Built about 30 years ago. Seats 200. RC Priest attached to St Mary's Shiel Bridge attends.
ALISARY Small one storey house east of Loch Ailort, property of H Blackburn.
AONACH A couple of very small one storey thatched houses.
ALT NA CRICHE The March Burn (see also March Burn).
ARDMOLICH small 1-storey thatched house and smithy. Robertson.
ARDMOLICH WOOD Wood. Robertson.
ARD MOLACH "Rough Height", large hill. Howard of Glossop.
ARDNISH The name applied to a small district nearly surrounded by Loch Ailort and Loch Nan Uamh, the property of the Trustees of the late FHP Astley.
AREAN This name applies to a small 1-storey thatched house situated a short distance North of Port Arean. Proprietor Captain Swinburn R.N. Eilean Shona House.
ARIENSKILL Small one storey slated house in good repair. Trustees FHP Astley.
ASSARY dwelling houses and ruins one story high, thatched in indifferent repair. Robertson.
AULTIGIL this name applies to a croft situate about 30 chains SE of Egnaig on the property of I McLean Esq of Glenuig (also on 1869 & 1870 valuation roll. - Jean Lawson).
AUSTINSCROFT Small house, one storey, thatched, good repair. Lord Howard of Glossop.
BAD AN DOBHRAIN "Otters' Clump" in a wooded hollow on Egnaig Hill, prop J McLean.
BAILETONACH Six or seven one storey thatched houses.
BARRAMORTE Couple of small 1-storey thatched houses situated on the South side of Port a Bhana. Prop Captain Swinburn etc.
BEALACH A BHAILLIDH "The bailiff's pass", Eilean Shona.
BEINN A MHINN "Kids' Height" at Dorlin, the property of Lord Howard of Glossop.
BLAIN Small house 15 chains south of Shiel Bridge in good repair. Lord Howard of Glossop.
BRIDGE (Kinlochmoidart) Stone and lime bridge of one arch. In good repair. County.
BRIDGE (Brunery) Old stone and lime bridge. One arch. Not a county bridge.
BRUNERY Two storey slated house, formerly a farmhouse but now occupied by a shepherd. Middling repair. Robertson.
CEAN-AN-T-SAIDEAL Bay or shallows, small arm of Loch Moidart. Robertson.
CEANN Loch Uachdrach "Upper Kinloch hill". Lord Howard of Glossop.
CHAPEL (Polnish) This chapel is now in course of erection. It will be seated to accommodate 200 persons. It has 120 (?) dedicatory names as yet.
CLIFF Large farm steading 25 chains from Shiel Bridge. Slated and in good repair. Lord Howard of Glossop.
COIR AN UTHA A corry, the joint property of Mrs Lucy Meoble and JA MacDonald of Glenaladale.
COIRE FEARNA this name implies Alder Corry, the hollow immediately north of Brunery Hill, Wm Robertson Esq proprietor, Kinlochmoidart by Fort William.
COUL A one storey house, thatched, good repair. Originally a farmhouse, now occupied by a keeper. Lord Howard of Glossop.
CREAG SPEIREIG Rock of the sparrow hawk, 20 chains north of Roshven House, Hugh Blackburn.
CREAG SHOINEACH A pretty high rocky hill about three fourths of a mile from Kinlochmoidart. The hill was used in former times as a Ban or Bonfire station on Midsummer and Hallow Eve as it commands a very extensive view up and down the Glen and also of Argyllshire. Meaning: A Kind of Torch, or Hill of the Torch. - Jean Lawson.
CREAGAN DUBH A small rock situated at the junction of the River Moidart with Loch Moidart. It was here that Prince Charles landed in 1745 when going to Kinlochmoidart to solicit the aid of the Robertsons and their powerful clan. Meaning: a small black crag. Prop WR - Jean Lawson.
CRUACH BHUIDHE "Yellow Hill" on Eilean Shona owned by Captain T(homas) Swinburn RN.
CUIL A CHAPUILL A small corner of rocky grazing land a short distance East of the Parsonage. Meaning: The mare's corner.
DALILEA Large stone edifice with outbuildings 55 chains east of Austincroft. Two storeys high. Slated and in good repair. Lord Howard of Glossop.
DALNABRECK A number of small crofts 1 mile east of St Mary's RC chapel. They are thatched and in middling repair. Lord Howard of Glossop.
DOIREANEIGHINN One storey cottage to south of Port Hairbeirt.
EGNAIG this name is applied to a number of small crofts, situate about 30 chains NW of Aultigil on the property of I McLean Esq of Glenuig. Sources I McGillivray, Eilean Shona and I McDonald, Kylesbeg. (Also on 1869 & 1870 valuation roll. - Jean Lawson).
EILEAN AN-T-SABHAIL "Barn Island", Swinburn.
EILEAN COMPLACH (Also see Eilean Dubh) Adjoining islands in Loch Shiel near Gaskan. Eastern belongs to MacDonald of Glenaladale. Western belongs to Lord Howard of Glossop.
EILEAN DUBH (Also see Eilean Complach) Adjoining islands in Loch Shiel near Gaskan. Eastern belongs to MacDonald of Glenaladale. Western belongs to Lord Howard of Glossop.
EILEAN NAN GOBHAR Goat Island, on which is to be seen the remains of a vitrified fort.
EILEAN SHONA HOUSE … Stone,2 stories, slated. Captain Swinburne RN proprietor.
DORLIN HOUSE large mansion, 25 chains SE from Castle Tirrim, 3 stories high, stone, slated and in its grounds. Lord Howard of Glossop.
FORSY The name of a piece of ground where some tenements stood which were razed to the ground after 1745 rebellion. (Reputed to be the spot where Prince Charles laded from Loch nan Uamh - Ken Bowker).
GLEN FORSLAN (1) Glen east of Glenmoidart, three miles long and a quarter of a mile wide. Robertson.
GLEN FORSLAN (2) A farmhouse at junction of Glen Forslan River and River Moidart. One storey slated, and in good repair. Robertson.
GLENMOIDART This Glen is about six miles long and a half a mile wide. It is cultivated for nearly three miles. Robertson.
GLENMOIDART HOUSE A large mansion house of 2 storeys in good repair. Property of Lieutenant Colonel Patrick Robertson Ross of Colchester. - Jean Lawson.
INCHRORY dwelling house at head of Glen Moidart, one story high, thatched and in fair repair.
INVERAILORT Mansion House. Two storeys high, slated and in excellent repair. D(uncan) Cameron.
IRINE Property of Hugh Blackburn, applied to a farm (now known as Roshven Farm - Ken Bowker).
KINLOCHAILORT INN Public House licensed to sell whisky, ale and porter and to accommodate man and horse. One storey high and slated. On road between Fort William and Arisaig. In good repair. Trustees of the late FHP Astley.
KINLOCHMOIDART BRIDGE Stone and lime bridge of one arch. In good repair. County (see also Brunery Bridge).
KINLOCHMOIDART HOUSE A large 2-storey slated mansion house with back living and a small yard. There is a good fruit garden, croquet lawn and pleasure ground attached. In very good repair. Robertson.
KINLOCHMOIDART PIER About 1 ¾ miles from Kinlochmoidart House. Proprietor William Robertson - Jean Lawson.
KYLESBEG A small croft. Prop. William Robertson (also in Valuation Roll) - Jean Lawson.
KYLESMORE (1) several small crofts 45 chains from Eilean Shona (Wm Robertson.
KYLESMORE (2) A small croft 46 chains NW of Kylesbeg. Property of William Robertson, Kinlochmoidart. (Valuation Roll) - Jean Lawson.
LANGALL Several small crofts 30 chains east of Dalnabreck. All thatched and in middling repair. Lord Howard of Glossop.
LOCH MOIDART ….receives River Shiel at Dorlin and River Moidart at upper end. It is navigable for vessels of light draft only. There are three mansion houses at Dorlin House, at Eilean Shona House and Kinlochmoidart House. Sources, Wm Robertson of Kinlochmoidart, M McDonald of Arieskill and R McDonald of Coul.
LOCH NAM LOCHAN Small loch south of Glenmoidart House. Lieutenant PRR Colchester.
LOCH NAM UAMH Loch of the caves.
LOCH NAN PAITEAN The humpy loch. Prop. William Robertson - Jean Lawson.
MARCH BURN A stream a mile NW of Glenmoidart House marking boundary with estates of Wm Robertson Esq and Lt Col Patrick Robertson Ross Colchester.
MILLHOUSE (Kinlochmoidart) 2 storey slated, near Pier, good repair. Robertson.
MINGARRY Some ruins 30 chains north of Mingarrypark.. Lord Howard of Glossop.
MINGARRYPARK House, 5 chains south west St Mary's RC chapel. Two stories, slated in good repair. Lord Howard of Glossop.
MOUNT MARGARET The favourite resort of Lady Margaret Robertson - Jean Lawson
MOSS Small district, some houses one storey. Good repair. Lord Howard of Glossop.
PARSONAGE (Kinlochmoidart) Two storey cottage occupied by Episcopalian Minister. Good repair. Property Right Reverend Wilson of Glasgow.
POST OFFICE (Kinlochmoidart) Small one storey slated house used as a sub-Post Office. District of Strontian. Departure of mails 10.10 Arrival of mails 12.30. Robertson.
PRINCES WALK Avenue, favourite resort of Prince Charles 1745.
RISKA ISLAND Island 15 chains north of Castle Tirrim the property of Captain MacDonald of Clanranald.
ROBAR SOINEACH A small well or spout on the property of Mr Robertson Esq (sic) and near his residence, at which in former times the Lads and Lasses of the district assembled on Halloween to Carouse and Light Torches on Bonefires (sic). Meaning: The Torch Well. - Jean Lawson.
ROSHVEN (1) Large house built with stone, 2 storeys high. H Blackburn.
ROSHVEN (2) "Hill of showers" according to Robertson MacDonald to the Ordnance Survey, in support of correspondence in December 1880 from H Blackburn. Both wanted Gaelic spelling and after taking advice, OS ordered a change to what they had engraved originally on the plate to "Fros-bheinn".
SAINT FINNAN'S CHURCH Episcopal. Erected 1859. Public subscription. Seating 100. Property of Right Reverend Dr Wilson of Glasgow and other Trustees.
SAINT MARY'S CHAPEL (Mingarrypark) Erected 1862. Seating for 600. Built by Hope Scott.
SAMALAMAN Two storeyed slated house in good repair, the property of J McLean.
SCHOOL GLENUIG At the northern extremity of Glenuig and supported by Mrs H Blackburn of Roshven, SPCK No 26.
SCHOOL KINLOCHMOIDART Small one storey slated house used as a school. It is supported by Mrs Robertson and SPCK and scholars' fees. Average attendance 10.
SCHOOL MINGARRYPARK Held in the west wing of the building known as Mingarrypark. It is a subscription school. Average pupils 40. It is in connection with St Mary's RC chapel adjacent.
SCHOOL POLNISH Schoolhouse 44 chains from farmhouse of Kinlochnamuan. Created by Mrs Astley and supported by the Proprietor, by subscription and the SPCK. Average attendance 14.
SGOR A MHEADHOIN Rocky hill at end of Glenmoidart, Colonel Robertson Ross.
SGOR GORM Rocky Hill north of Glen Forslan, "Green Hill", Robertson.
SHONA BEG Part of an island connected by an isthmus to Eilean Shona. Proprietor William Robertson (Valuation Roll) - Jean Lawson.
SMEARISARY This name applies to a few small thatched houses. They are situated a short distance East of Port an Doill and are the property of J Maclean Esq, Glenuig.
THE THREE OLD MAIDS Three conspicuous rocks above Kinlochmoidart House. Prop WR - Jean Lawson.
TOM SOINEACH A small wooded hill a short distance from the head of Kinlochmoidart on which the young people of the district light torches on Halloween. Meaning: A kind of Torch, or Hill of the Torch.
TORR PORT A BHATA "The hillock of boat point" 25 chains SW of Rudha Port a Bhata, on the property of Lord Howard of Glossop, Glossop House, Derbyshire.
ULGARY a glen at the head of Glen Moidart extending about a mile along River Moidart (Robertson).
Loch Moidart and Glen Moidart1873 place names for OS 6"=1mile Public Record Office, Inverness; also Jean Lawson

ASSARY contains airigh‘shieling’, or to be more precise Old Norse erg, a shieling term probably borrowed from the Gaelic. The first part has various possibilities, including Osoutlet stream flowing from a loch, or askash tree or perhaps a personal name
ULGARY is also Norse. Here the final element is gardr, enclosure. The first part is conjectural, perhaps ulfrwolf or the personal name Ulf
UACHDRACH simply means the upper place
INCHRORY is straightforward enough being Innis RuairidhRoderick’s open space. Innis here has the sense of a field or open area, usually beside a river
DUILAD means dark or black hill-slope, probably from dubh-leathad

Letter from Ian Fraser to Iain Thornber, School of Scottish Studies, University of Edinburgh, Glenmoidart Notes, Bonnalie/Impey Papers Ref 16


MHADAIDH wild dog
CAILLICH old lady
CLOICHE SGOILTE
split rocks
MHUILINN
mill
ARDA PHUILL high muddy loch
LA CROIBHE
crow
NAM PAITEAN
safe refuge (or, crab)
Loch names - Blair Howkins to Tim Roberton

AHARACLE the ford of Torquil
AULTBEA the birch stream
ARIVIGAIG the shieling of the little stream
CAMUS NAN GEALL bay of the churches
CORRIEVULLIN corrie of the mill
EIGNEIG oak bay
FASCADALE field of the ship
GLENBORRODALE the field of the fort town
GLENDRIAN the glen of the bramble
GORTENFERN the corn field of the alder
INNIS the valley of the squirrels
KILCHOAN the church of St Congan
KILMORY the church of St Mary
KENTRA the head of the beach
LAGA a hollow
OCKLE high
PLOCAIG high lump bay
SALEN sea pond
SANNA sandy island
SWORDLE grassy field
LOCH MIUDEART muddy fjord
RUDHA point
Ardnamurchan Place-names, Angus Henderson, The Celtic Review page 149,Bonnalie/Impey Papers Ref 24


NOTES RELATING TO AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES
ABOUT 1851 - 75

Memoirs of Osgood Mackenzie - The Gairloch people were indeed devoted to their proprietor in those days….Still, when my mother and my uncle were ruling these five hundred to six hundred families of crofters it was an extra hard time for them, for first there was the potato blight - and want generally brings out the bad and not the good qualities of a people; then there was the great upheaval caused by the trustees deciding to do away with the runrig system and dividing all the arable land into crofts of about four acres. They forced the people to pull down their old insanitary houses, where the cattle were under the same roof as human beings, and where the fires were on the floor in the centre of the dwelling room, with only a hole in the roof to let the smoke out, and made them build new and rather better houses on their crofts, the proprietors providing the timber….There is no doubt that the people of the west coast went through periods of terrible hunger….especially before the introduction of the potato….But even prior to the destruction caused by the potato blight, when the potatoes usually grew so well, there was hardly a year in which my grandfather and my father did not import cargoes of oatmeal to keep the people alive, and those cargoes were seldom, if ever, paid for by their poor recipients. - A Hundred Years in the Highlands, Osgood Mackenzie, page 147

Cattle pens and sheep pens - Cattle pens are lower (cows do not jump like sheep). Sheep pens sometimes have lintels over the doors (cattle could not pass beneath them). Cattle peaked about 1845, falling afterwards into decline and being virtually dead by 1860. This was due to a number of factors including railways, cheap imports and sheep farming.

Shieling - Airaigh in Gaelic. Hence Brunery (Brambles), Assary (Waterfall), Ulgary etc. Cattle went off from May to late August to the shieling and thence to market. The 1851 census identifies two drovers in Moidart.- Gordon Barr


1826-1850

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1876-1900